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Age-related decline in strength is associated with loss of mobility, functioning and independence. It is clear that resistance training benefits older people by increasing strength and improving some aspects of functioning.1 However, the optimal dose and type of resistance training is uncertain. While previous reviews have compared intervention and control resistance training programmes, the results of studies directly comparing different doses or types of resistance training have not been combined.
This systematic review by Steib and colleagues aimed to synthesise the best available evidence comparing the effectiveness of different types, intensities, frequencies, volumes and durations of resistance training on strength and functioning in older adults.
Searches and inclusion criteria
Three databases (Medline, the Cochrane Library and PEDro) were searched up until August 2008 and reference lists of obtained studies were screened. Eligible studies were randomised controlled trials in adults with a mean age of 65 years or older that compared …
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.