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Exercise-based intervention has been shown effective in treating and preventing many health conditions.1 Sporting activities are one way that people can engage in physical activity; however, injuries can be a negative consequence of engaging in sport.2 Along with providing a disincentive to participation, studies have shown high costs associated with the management of sports injuries.2 There is evidence, however, that specific injury prevention programmes can be accessible and are potentially effective for all kinds of athletes.3 In order to make recommendations regarding injury prevention, it is important to understand the effectiveness of different types of injury prevention programmes.3
The primary aim of this systematic review was to estimate the effectiveness of physical activity-based interventions for prevention of sports injuries in adults and/or adolescents. Second, to determine whether strength training, stretching, proprioception and combinations of these have different effects on …
Funding Grants #2016/14347-0 and 2015/21628-3, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP).
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.